Most diesel cars require to be serviced at every 10, 000 to 12, 000km or annually if you do less mileage per annum.
If you leave the lights or radio on in your car overnight , this will result in a flat battery.
- Topping up too much oil in the car will overflow, damage the oil filter and engine parts.
- Too much engine coolant will overheat , expand and rise up above the maximum mark and possibly blow the top off the coolant bottle ! Similar with adding too much brake fluid.
- Always fill to just below the maximum mark indicated on the container.
If the car is low in oil, put in approximately 500ml of the correct type of oil and drive the car, after a few days light driving check the level again and if necessary tip up a little again.
if the oil level is below minimum then the oil Mark will be below the minimum Mark on the dipstick and also a red warning light will show up on the dashboard ( like an Aladdin lamp ).
To check the oil level in the car you will use the dipstick( some new cars have electronic dipstick which show up oil ok on the dashboard
Water for the screen wash is the most common container that you will be topping up under the bonnet.
After stopping the car you should always apply handbrake first and then gear.
Coasting is pressing the clutch down too much and too soon when approaching corners , junctions and rounndabouts, when slowing down. You should always brake gently first before you press in the clutch.
Secure the vehicle with the handbrake , apply neutral gear, restart the engine with your foot on the clutch.After correct observations move off safely.
Wipers, lights, indicators, horn, air conditioning.
3 and 9 or quarter to three.
There is a louder sound to the engine and the rev counter will reach 2000 revs per minute on the dashboard
When starting the car initially, when changing gear and just immediately prior to stopping to prevent the engine from stalling
Steering wheel, gears, accelerator, brake, clutch, handbrake
Door, belt,seat and mirrors
The only solution is to pull in and SLEEP.
The legal alcohol limit in Blood is
The legal alcohol limit in URINE is
The legal alcohol limit in BREATH is
For Garda Hand Signals See page 131 of Rules of Road book
The only way to exit a Motorway is via a slip road to the LEFT.
- Anybody on a learner permit,
- invalid carriages,
- a motorcycle with an engine less than 50cc,
- any slow vehicle not capable of a speed of at least 50km.
The legal parking distance from a corner or a junction is 5 metres or 15 feet.
The legal parking distance from the kerb is 12-18”
- Bus stop,
- Taxi rank,
- Disabled parking spot(unless you have the designated sticker),
- within 5 metres of a corner or a junction,
- in a loading bay,
- opposite a junction ,
- opposite a solid white line,
- on a narrow road never park opposite another parked car.
The double yellow lines mean NO PARKING AT ANY TIME
A single yellow line means that you MUST NOT park during the times stated,generally no parking during business hours.
To take the third exit of a roundabout approach in the RIGHT lane with your RIGHT signal on,after the second exit exit in the LEFT lane with your LEFT signal on …… nb ask Angela to explain this on a lesson to ensure you are doing it correctly.
To take the second exit of a roundabout approach in the LEFT lane with NO signal on until after you pass the first exit, then signal LEFT to exit.
To take the first exit of a roundabout approach in the LEFT lane with your LEFT signal on
At a ROUNDABOUT give way to traffic on your RIGHT and traffic already travelling on the roundabout.
The rule at a BOX junction is to never stop in the box, keep it clear at all times. The one exception when you can stop in the box is if you are making a RIGHT turn and your exit road is clear.
The purpose of a YELLOW BOX junction is to keep the junction clear and keep the flow of traffic moving as much as possible
At a crossroads of EQUAL importance you must give way to traffic on your RIGHT and traffic already moving at the junction.You must proceed with caution while showing regard for other road users.
- Traffic travelling straight ahead i.e when you do the Reverse.
- At a junction traffic on the major road has right of way.
- When changing lanes give way to traffic already in the other lane.
- Pulling out of your driveway you must give way to traffic already on the road.Yield to pedestrians already crossing at a junction,on a zebra crossing .
The speed limit on a MOTORWAY is 120km
The speed limit on a NATIONAL road is 100km
The speed limit on a REGIONAL road is 80km
The speed limit in TOWN OUT-SKIRTS IS 60km
The speed limit in a TOWN is 50km
This is a safe distance to travel behind the vehicle in front. Pick a land mark ahead and when the vehicle in front passes it you should be able to say “only a fool breaks the two second rule” before you pass it. If not you are driving too close behind.
Refer to Rules of Road Book
Can you demonstrate the 3 HAND SIGNALS you would give to traffic BEHIND YOU ( for a faulty indicator or brakelight bulb)
Refer to Rules of Road Book
A RED traffic light means that you must STOP behind the white line.
A FLASHING AMBER LIGHT means Proceed with caution if there are NO PEDESTRIANS.
A STATIONARY AMBER light means prepare to stop,unless you are so close to the white line that it would be unsafe to do so.
A GREEN light means GO only if it is safe to do so.
This is a BUS lane that is going AGAINST the flow of traffic, and is specifically for BUSES ONLY
Motorway signs are BLUE and WHITE
Roadwork signs are ORANGE and BLACK
Warning signs are YELLOW.
This road contains a HARD SHOULDER, which is normally for cyclists and pedestrians.
Always obey the line nearest to you.
Alert a driver to continuous white line(s) a short distance ahead.
Divides two lanes of traffic.You may overtake if necessary and safe to do so.
All traffic must keep to the LEFT ( except in an emergency or for access)
Extreme right-hand side.
A solid white line with a broken white line behind it. It may also have the words NO ENTRY.
You must STOP at the sign or behind the white line.
Regulatory signs are RED.
Between the hours of 23.30 and 07.00 in a built up area , unless there is an emergency.
The Vehicle driving towards you has his/her FULL Headlights on by accident, how do you react SAFELY to this situation
Slow down and stop if necessary. Watch for pedestrians and cyclists on the left.
At the beginning and end of lighting up hours.As long as they are needed to see clearly.When stopped in traffic. When meeting other traffic.In built up areas where there is good street lighting.When following behind another vehicle.In dense fog, falling snow or heavy rain.
When you are at or near a pelican crossing, zebra crossing or at pedestrian lights. Where a traffic sign or road marking prohibits it.Approaching a junction.At a corner , bend, dip in the road,brow of a hill.
When the driver in front of you is turning Right and you wish to go straight or left. When you want to turn LEFT. When traffic in both lanes are moving slow and the left hand lane is moving more quickly.
The wipers would be missing when switched on and not taking the water away.
The orange warning light would show up on the dashboard
The engine temperature light would come on ( red ) or hand rise into the HOT and also steam or smoke would be visible from the bonnet
The vehicle would pull to whichever side that the tyre is affected
The Power Steering Fluid level is below minimum ( or EPS light appears on your dashboard ) how is your steering affected
The steering would feel very heavy or laborious when turning
The Brake Fluid level in your vehicle is below minimum , how would this affect the feel of slowing down or stopping your vehicle
The vehicle would have a longer response time when stopping
Park your vehicle on a small incline, select neutral and apply the handbrake; if you feel a slight roll back the handbrake cable needs tightening.
The indicator would be flashing erratically
Ask somebody to stand behind the vehicle while you press the brake pedal , if you are on your own you could reverse up against a reflective surface.
Switch on the lights and get out and have a look at the Head lights
Visually inspect the tyre wall for cracks , slices, bulges and perforations or foreign objects eg stones or nails. Check that the Air Pressure is between 30 – 32 psi , visually the tyre would look deflated. Check that the thread depth is a minimum of 1.6mm , visually check against the bridge mark. Uneven wear on the outside or inside of the tyre wall would indicate that the tyres are out of alignment